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What is Hypermobity Syndrome?

Updated: Mar 13

Hypermobility Syndrome, also known as Joint Hypermobility Syndrome, is a condition in which a person's joints can move beyond their normal range of motion. It is caused by a genetic variation in the collagen protein that makes up connective tissue. Symptoms can include joint pain, stiffness, and instability, as well as fatigue and muscle weakness.

Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome and Marfan Syndrome are both connective tissue disorders that can affect the joints, bones, and other connective tissues in the body.

Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome is caused by genetic mutations that affect the production or structure of collagen, which can result in hypermobility, skin that is easily bruised and stretches easily, and other symptoms.

Marfan Syndrome is also caused by a genetic mutation that affects the connective tissue, specifically fibrillin. This can lead to a variety of symptoms, including joint hypermobility, a tall and thin body type, scoliosis, and problems with the heart and blood vessels.

Both conditions can have a wide range of severity and can be managed with appropriate medical care and treatment.

The management of hypermobility syndrome usually involves a combination of approaches to alleviate symptoms and improve overall function. Some possible strategies include:

  1. Exercise and Physical Therapy: Strengthening exercises can help to support and stabilize the joints, while exercise therapy can teach proper movement techniques to prevent injury and pain.

  2. Pain Management: Over-the-counter pain relievers, like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), may be used to manage joint pain and inflammation. In some cases, prescription pain medication or muscle relaxants may be needed.

  3. Bracing and Orthotics: Bracing or using orthotics (custom-fitted devices) can provide extra support to joints and may reduce pain and instability.

  4. Lifestyle Modifications: Avoiding activities that aggravate the joints or cause injury, and maintaining a healthy weight and good posture can help reduce symptoms.

  5. Surgery: In rare cases where other treatments are not effective, surgery may be an option to repair or stabilize the affected joint.

It is important to work with a healthcare professional to develop a personalized treatment plan for hypermobility syndrome.

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